Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:
1. Johnson GW, Cadwallader K, Scheffel SB, Epperly TD. Treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Am Fam Physicia. 200; 76:843-848,849-50;853
2. Öken O, Kahraman Y, Ayhan F, Canpolat S, Yorgancioglu RZ, Öken OF. The Short-term Efficacy of Laser, Brace, and Ultrasound Treatment in Lateral Epicondylitis: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial, J Hand ;21:63-8
3. Martinez-Silvestrini J, Newcomer K, Gay R, Schaefer MP, Kortebein P, Arendt KW. Chronic Lateral Epicondylitis: Comparative Effectiveness of a Home Exercise Program Including Stretching Alone versus Stretching Supplemented with Eccentric or Concentric Strengthening, J of Hand ;18:411-420
4. American Physical Therapy Association. Guide to physical therapist practice. Second edition. American physical therapy association. Phys Ther. 2001;81(1)
RP, Patel A, DaSilva MF, Akelman E. Management of lateral epicondylitis: Current concepts. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2008;16(1):19-29
S, Assendelft WJ, van der Windt D, Hay E, Buchbinder R, Bouter LM. Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. (2002):40-23
PC. Systematic review and analysis of work-related injuries to and conditions of the elbow. Am J Occup Ther. 2011;65(1):24-8
P. A new exercise for tennis elbow that works. N Am J Sports Phy ;5(3):189-193.
D, Duley J, Zastrow I, Kerr EW. Rehabilitation for patients with lateral epicondylitis: A systematic review. J Hand Ther. 2004;17(2):243-66
It is hypothesized that autologous blood injections may trigger the inflammatory cascade and initiate healing of degenerative tissue via mediators in the blood or localized trauma from the injection itself. One case series, including 29 patients who had failed other conservative modalities, reported a 79 percent improvement in pain scores over an average of months; some patients required multiple injections. 27 However, clinical trials that include a comparison group receiving placebo injections are lacking, and until these trials are completed, autologous blood injections cannot be recommended.