For minor cases, some over-the-counter products can reduce itching and skin redness, according to the Cleveland Clinic. These include oral antihistamines, topical antibacterial and antifungal creams, and topical creams or ointments that contain the steroid cortisone, which reduces inflammation. More severe cases warrant prescription-strength cortisone products, including pills and topical creams. Additionally, the . Food and Drug Administration approved a new class of drugs called topical immunomodulators (TIMs), which alter the body's response to allergens.
Topical Corticosteroids are prescribed to reduce inflammation and itching. Strengths range from mild to very strong. When used under the direction of a physician, topical corticosteroids are very effective and safe. In fearing side effects eczema sufferers, or their caregivers, often use the treatment too sparingly, or too infrequently. Possible side effects include thinning of the skin if preparations are used excessively or for extended periods. Follow your physician’s recommendations exactly, and address any questions or concerns you have with your physician.
References: 1. Bikowski J, Pillai R, Shroot B. The position not the presence of the halogen in corticosteroids influences potency and side effects. J Drugs Dermatol . 2006;5(2):125-130. 2. Del Rosso J, Friedlander SF. Corticosteroids: options in the era of steroid-sparing therapy. J Am Acad Dermatol . 2005; 53(1 Suppl 1):s50-s58. 3. US Food and Drug Administration NDA 017765. Promius Pharma, LLC, Princeton, NJ: Aug 1977. 4. Rosenthal AL. Clocortolone pivalate: a paired comparison clinical trial of a new topical steroid in eczema/atopic dermatitis. Cutis . 1980;25(1):96-98. 5. Kircik LH. A study to assess the occlusivity and moisturization potential of three topical corticosteroid products using the skin trauma after razor shaving (STARS) bioassay. J Drugs Dermatol . 2014;13(5):582-585. 6. Cloderm [package insert]. Princeton, NJ: Promius Pharma, LLC; 2017.