The surgical procedure for Dupuytren's contracture is known as a fasciectomy, where segments of the palmar fascia are removed. The downside of surgery is that there are significant risks associated with the procedure. The most common is that scar tissue can form after surgery, leading to a problem similar to Dupuytren's contracture, but with scar tissue formation. Also, the Dupuytren's can return, and doing surgery a second time is fraught with problems. Other problems with surgery include nerve injury, infection, and prolonged healing.